Mytilus galloprovincialis is one of the three principal, closely related species in the Mytilus edulis complex of blue mussels, which collectively are widely distributed on the temperate to subarctic coasts of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and often are dominant inhabitants on hard substrates of the intertidal and nearshore habitats. Within re-cipient ecosystems, this type ofspecies acts as a new keystone species: it either has a strong impact on native keystone species or it takes their place. The Mediterranean mussel inhabits the rocky shores of the Eastern, Western and Northern Cape. She said the new species have caused “a dramatic restructuring” of the ecosystem, endangering various local species and wiping out native mussels, prawns and red mullet. & Beckley, L.E (2005). Mytilus galloprovincialis is one of the three principal, closely related species in the Mytilus edulis complex of blue mussels, which collectively are widely distributed on the temperate to subarctic coasts of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and often are dominant inhabitants on hard substrates of the intertidal and nearshore habitats. The species has also been found in the Mediterranean Sea. This animal grows up to 140 mm in length. 5. FAO statistics show that in … M. galloprovincialis will often hybridize with its sister taxa, the closely related Mytilus edulis and Mytilus trossulus, when they are found in the same locality. In Europe, Mytilus galloprovincialis is found in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, and on the Atlantic coasts, in Portugal, north to France and the British Isles and Norway. In the northern Pacific the species is found along the coast of California, where it was introduced from Europe by human activity in the early 20th century, and also in the Puget Sound region of Washington state, where it has been subject to aquaculture. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. No original Mytilus populations lived in southern Africa, but the Mediterranean mussel was introduced from Europe in 1984 and is now the dominant low intertidal mussel on the West Coast. 193:187-194. etc. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it spread through European canals, reaching the Baltic Sea and many European river estuaries. The Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) is a species of bivalve, a marine mollusc in the family Mytilidae. Its shell is blue-violet[1] or black, but may shade to light brown.[6]. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it spread through European canals, reaching the Baltic Sea and many European river estuaries. Perna viridis 2013). Since the 1980s the introduced Mediterranean mussel (M. galloprovincialis) has successfully invaded the southern African coastline and has become the dominant … Mytilus galloprovincialis, better known as Mediterranean mussel, is found in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, which, as you can guess from the … "Genetic diversity and connectivity within spp. Israel’s Environmental Protection Ministry said it was monitoring the process with concern since its coasts were the new species’ “first stop” in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean mussel inhabits the rocky shores of the Eastern, Western and Northern Cape. It is rare subtidally, which is an alternate means of distinguishing it from the black mussel in South Africa. This change can cause shifts in local food webs, both by robbing food from native species that feed on plankton and also by increasing water clarity and thus making it easier for visual predators to hunt. Branch, G.M., Branch, M.L, Griffiths, C.L. Other poisonous species, such as the lionfish and silver-cheeked toadfish, are also appearing. Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) This bivalve mollusk is native to the Caspian Sea, lagoons of the Black Sea and their inflowing rivers. Because of these successful characteristics this species has also been found in the Adriatic Sea, Chamelea and! The distribution spans an area from the Namibian border to Port Alfred, intertidally to just below low... Will always be interested in your opinion of the whole ecosystem in which they.. Up to 140 mm in length can write a book review and your... The North recently with human activity it ’ s ready to eat species in! 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